Why streaks happen and why they matter


Hot Hand

The Statistics Behind Sports' Greatest Streaks

192 pages; 6" x 9" ; 6 Figues; 4 Tables; Notes; Bibliography; Index

$24.95   $19.96
Available: November 2011


Upon witnessing a series of outstanding (or awful) performances, a sports fan or announcer may wonder, What are the odds of that happening? In fact, statisticians have shown that, for the most part, athletic streaks occur about as often as would be expected by random chance. If one flips a coin a thousand times, many “streaks” of consecutive heads (or tails) will occur along the way. This counterintuitive finding implies that the notion of momentum in sports is greatly overstated.

After a brief initial foundation on the study of streaks and relevant methods of statistical analysis, Alan Reifman focuses on actual sports streaks, from the famous—Joe DiMaggio getting at least one hit in fifty-six consecutive games in 1941 and the Los Angeles Lakers winning thirty-three straight games in the 1971–72 season—to the less well-known, such as the University of Dayton men’s basketball team going 0-for-24 on three-point shot attempts in a 2008 game. Reifman also examines psychological and physiological mechanisms in sports performance, as well as the implications of those mechanisms for coaching and sport psychology practice.

Thought-provoking for stats freaks and regular fans alike, Hot Hand illuminates one of the most fascinating and little-understood phenomena in sports.

About the Author(s)/Editor(s)

Alan Reifman teaches in the College of Human Sciences at Texas Tech University and writes the popular blog Hot Hand. He lives in Lubbock, Texas.


"Reifman gives us a comprehensive and enjoyable review of what sports figures, journalists, and scientists have had to say about streakiness in sports—with a few clear lessons in statistical analysis thrown in for good measure. It won’t end the debate about the existence of the hot hand, but it should raise it to a higher plane."—Tom Gilovich, professor of psychology, Cornell University, and author of How We Know What Isn’t So

"Should coaches stay with the player who's 'in a zone'? Should teammates feed the ball to the one who's 'on fire'? Should athletes play with more confidence after making shots or getting hits, and with depleted confidence if not? Alan Reifman’s compelling answers are both persuasive and surprising, and will enable any coach, player, or fan to think smarter."—David G. Myers, professor of psychology, Hope College, and author of Intuition: Its Powers and Perils

"Dr. Reifman's unique findings on sports streaks will amaze sports fans. He uses intriguing methods to analyze streaks. A must read!"—Kristy Curry, head women’s basketball coach, Texas Tech University

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